|Changing big end and main bearings with the crank in situ
Description Step-by-step procedure including pictures
Author Icsunonove Date Mon Sep 18, 2006 8:45 am Type Picture How-To
Viewer Comments [21 - Post your comments]
|Changing big end and main bearings with the crank in situ
The BGB lists these procedures with the engine out of the car. However it is perfectly possible to both inspect and change both big end bearings and the main bearings with the crank in situ. This is obviously a far far easier job than removing the engine, gearbox, cylinder head and dismantling the engine. In fact it is a fairly simple job. The only problem is that you can't preorder the bearings prior to removing the sump. I still recommend you consult the BGB, but hopefully these pictures and tips will help.
Stuff you'll need:
Socket set with 10mm and 14mm sockets
14mm Bi-hex socket (for big end caps)
Torque wrench (capable of 60Nm)
5 off Main bearings (size to be established during procedure)
4 off Big End bearings (size to be established)
1 off set of Thrust bearings (one size only)
Silicon spray (for releasing cap after Plastigauge test)
LM Grease (for holding Plastigauge slug on crank)
Hermatite Red sealant (or equivalent for sealing sump and baffle)
Oil (for assembly and refilll)
6" Steel rule (for removing top shells)
Jewellers flat blade screwdriver (for removing top end caps)
Errrrm, can't think of anything else
(Note: Click on each photo for a bigger picture! )
1) Buy a set of car ramps!
2) Reverse your car onto the ramps.
3) Chock the front wheels and release the handbrake and take the car out of gear.
4) Remove the spark plugs and cover the spark plug holes to prevent ingress of dirt.
5) Remove the centre section of the exhaust. There are three (12mm A/F?) nuts holding the centre section to the downpipe and a U-bolt clamping the centre section to the backbox. Drain the oil from the sump.
5a) Fully slacken the alternator/water pump belt (4AGE) or both belts (4AGZE)
6) Remove the lower flywheel cover, two 14mm A/F and two 10mm A/F setscrews
7) Release the sump by removing the 19 off 10mm A/F setscrews and 2 off 10mm A/F nuts
8 ) The sump may be stuck to the baffle plate. Using a soft faced hammer hit the sump to break the seal. If this method doesn't work use a Stanley knife blade to cut the seal between baffle and sump.
9) Remove the sump
10) Remove the suction strainer by removing the two setscrews retaining the support legs and the the two setscrews making the seal.
11) Carefully remove the suction strainer assembly if possible retaining the gasket in tact.
12) Remove the baffle plate. This is sealed to the block with sealant. It slightly overhangs the block profile so you can use a Stanley knife blade to cut the seal if necessary
13) Once the baffle is off you will be able to see two sets of numbers stamped onto the underside of the block near to the flywheel end. The five figure number is needed (in conjunction with the numbers on the crank) to establish the class of the each of the main bearings. The four figure number is the class of big end bearings. Make a note of these two numbers, you will need them for reordering new bearings (unless you need to regrind the crank )
13a) Rotate the crankshaft until you can see some numbers stamped onto the crank webs. There is one number stamped on left hand web of number 1 cylinder. There are two numbers stamped on the right hand web of no.2 cylinder and two numbers stamped on the left hand web of no.3 cylinder. Make a note of these numbers, they are needed in conjunction with the five figure number for the main bearings
13b) To get the correct main bearing size required you need to sum up the number on the block and the numbers on the crank. In this case the number on the block was: 22221. The numbers on the crank were: 01101. Summing up the numbers required are: (2+0) = 2, (2+1) = 3, (2+1) = 3, (2+0) = 2, (1+1) = 2. So: 23322
14) Using a bi-hex (or 12 point) 14mm socket remove each of the big end bearing caps in turn.
14) Visually inspect the crank journals and check it is not damaged. Remove the top big end shell by using a jewellers flat-bladed screwdriver behind the anti-rotation tag. Inspect the shell bearings for visible damage. Assuming everything is ok continue to next procedure to accurately check the bearing clearances.
16) To check the big end clearances accurately you need to purchase some Plastigauge. With the engine (or rather the pistons and con rods) in situ there simply isn't any other way of accurately measuring this.
17) Clean each crank journal thoroughly. Cut a piece of Plastigauge to the length of the journal. Coat the plastigauge slug with some grease. Stick the Plastigauge slug to the journal, the grease being used to hold the gauge onto the crank. Clean the big end lower bearing and spray on some Silicone release spray (oil will probably do)
18 ) Refit the the lower big end cap and tighten to the recommended torque. Then remove the lower cap.
19) Inspect the results by using the Plastigauge calibrated ruler.
20) While the sump is off it makes sense to check the main bearings at the same time. Slacken the main bearing caps in the correct sequence (outermost first - working inwards). Leaving No.3 cap hand tight to support the weight of the crank, remove the other four and fit plastigauges. Hand tighten the caps to support the crank and then release No.3 cap and also fit a plastigauge. Tighten in the correct sequence to the recommended torque. Slacken caps in the correct sequence and inspect the results (always ensuring the crank is supported by at least one cap).
21) If you need to change the main bearings it can be done with the crank in situ. The BGB does not explain this. Always make sure one cap is hand tight to support the crank. To remove the top main bearing shell you need to rotate it 180 degrees. The anti-rotation tag means that it can only be done in one direction. Using a 6" steel rule and a small hammer gently tap the bearing to force it to rotate as far as you can. Be extremely careful not to scratch the crank. Using a screwdriver (carefully) on the outside of the bearing you can lever the bearing to rotate it further. Once rotated through 180 degrees you can remove the bearing.
22) To refit the main bearings the procedure is basically the reverse of disassembly. However it may appear difficult at first to get the top main bearing shell fitted. But if you look carefully the shell is very slightly tapered in thickness towards the split points. So when refitting the top bearing slightly hold the tagged end away from the crank and it will enter (insert diagram / picture)
23) After changing big ends and / or main bearings I strongly recommend Plastigauging everything again just to make absolutely sure that everything is ok. The consequence of it not being correct means potential crank damage, meaning a much, much bigger job.
24) Finally retorque the main bearing caps in the correct sequence (innermost outer) to XX Nm
25) Retorque the main bearing caps. For hexagon nuts tighten to XX Nm. For 12-sided nuts, torque to 40Nm and mark the nut with paint or a pop mark. Then tighten an additional 90 degrees.
26) Clean the bottom of the block and apply sealant. If using Hermatite Red allow time for solvent to evaporate. Do not forget to apply sealant to the oil suction hole, this seal is absolutely crucial to your engine!
27) Apply sealant to the top side of the baffle and allow solvent to evaporate.
28 ) Fit baffle and temporarily hold in place with a couple of nuts and bolts
29) Apply sealant to sump and seal on oil strainer pipe.
30) Apply sealant to underside side of baffle and allow some time. Fit oil strainer pipe.
31) Fit sump and lower flywheel cover. Fill with oil. With spark plugs removed crank the engine over for a few seconds until oil pressure starts to rise. Refit spark plugs. Start engine!